Mountain gorillas are one of the most cherished wildlife species in the African Continent and beyond and are found within only three countries in the whole World-the Democratic Republic of Congo, Uganda and Rwanda. Their numbers are estimated at 880 individuals remaining in the wild and live in only four National Parks that include Mgahinga Gorilla National Park and Bwindi Impenetrable National Park in Uganda, Volcanoes National Park in Rwanda and Virunga National Park in the Democratic Republic of Congo.
HOW MOUNTAIN GORILLAS HAVE ADAPTED TO THEIR ENVIRONMENT
These primates occupy the cold mountainous and forested areas but have you ever wondered why they are able to live and thrive in their environment? They live in colder rain, tropical mountains that have allowed them to survive and continue with their day to day activities. An environment that is considered very harsh and unfavorable for other animals yet they live comfortably. These are the reasons why;
Mountain gorillas have longer and thicker furs that allow them to survive in the colder tropical rainforests. These longer hairs are helpful for regulating their body temperatures. Not only that, their hairs are darker compared to the other species of gorillas hence helping to keep their bodies warm in their environments.
These creatures live in families of 3 to 30 members with a dominant silverback who leads, protects and makes important decisions about the group he leads. These creatures are protected in their strong social nature which enables them to easily find food and where to stay. In order for a particular society to grow and survive well, they have to have efficient communication, which is not different from humans. Living in harmony means solidarity and unity hence easier to protect from the enemies.
Also, the fact that mountain gorillas live in families allow them to stay comfortably in their presumed unfavorable environment. If you never knew the value of unity and harmony in a family, then the mountain gorillas will display to you how family is important. Protection and love is always witnessed in families during gorilla families in the countries they are found.
Mountain gorillas use body languages and Vocalizations as well as having expressive faces which therefore allows them to communicate and convey emotions, desires and needs to their fellow members of the family. These primates adapt to their exceptional environment by surviving in the dense vegetation and do not waste their energy by chasing and killing their prey.
These gaint Apes enjoy a wide range of food including the abundant trees and plant species within their natural habitats (jungles) that offer the main source of food. Not only that but these primates possess small fingers that allow them to easily break shells off the fruits that they also consume and also use their large heavy bodies to fight off other animals planning to steal their food.
Interestingly, when mountain gorillas detect some danger in their habitat or neighborhood, they secretly hide or move quietly to avoid being detected by their enemies. Their presumed aggressiveness is also a protective tool from any threats detected in their environment.
Mountain gorillas have adopted to live in their mountainous and forested environments due to the thick long fur to regulate their body temperatures, use of body language and vocalizations to convey needs, desires and even emotions among themselves.